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    COTTON TEXTILE INDUSTRY IN KERALA


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    INDUSTRY PROFILE


    Textile industry is one of the very old industries. It is believed that textile printing is started in 300 BC. There is archeological evidence that complex dying is used in cloths in BC. Olden records show that Indian textiles used to export to china and south East Asia. Buddhist ear scripts reveal that woolen carpet was known in India as early as 500BC.

    The major textile materials like cotton that is used for clothing , Jute which is used for Hassan and Sacking, hemp that is used for canvas and rope are abundantly grow in India. Due to strong availability and cheapness of major textile materials Indian textile industry had grown fatly. In olden days textile works are done manually. It was one of the golden times in textile industry in India. Colonization brought an end to Indies glorious textile past.


    The cotton textile industry however made its real beginning in Bombay in 1850s. The first cotton textile mill of Bombay was established in 1854 by parasi cotton merchant then engaged in overseas and internal trade indeed, the vast majority of the early mills were the handiwork of parasi merchants engaged in yarn and cloth trade at home and Chinese and African markets.



    The Indian textile industry has a significant presence in the economy as well as in the international textile economy. Its contribution to the Indian economy is manifested in terms of its contribution to the industrial production employment generation and foreign exchange earnings. It contributes 20 percent of industrial production , a percent of excise collection, and 18 percent employment in the industrial sector, nearly 20 percent to the countries total export earning.

    In human history, past and present can never ignore the importance of textile in a civilization decisively affecting its destinies, effectively changing its social scenario.
























    COTTON TEXTILE INDUSTRY IN THE WORLD


    Cotton is one of the most important and widely produced agricultural and industrial crops in the world. Cotton textile industry an industry which uses fibers and Yarns for the manufacture of fabrics is known as textile industry .until the current economic recession, the world cotton industry had been experiencing robust demand growth and rising yields, making it one of the best performing commodity industries in the world during the first part of this decade. Cotton played an important role in industrial development starting in the 17th century and continues to play an important role today as a major source of revenue. It spread all over the world. Cloths are our basic needs. The textile industry consists of handlooms, power looms and modern mill set up global markets has demands for Indian textile in the world market


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    New technology more extensive use of existing technologies and new areas dedicated to cotton are resulting dramatic gain production sincere the mid 1990s, the world yield has raise from less than 600kgms he Clare to nearly 800kgms. Conventional cotton variety development.-Bio technology, improved management of irrigation targeted application of pesticide improved use of fertilizer and improvement in crop management are leading to increasing yields and lower production costs.


    COTTON TEXTILE INDUSTRY IN INDIA


    The origin of modern textile industry dates back to 1818, when the first cotton mill was established at fort gloater near Calcutta capital. But it was with the established of a cotton mill in Bombay in 1854 under Paris management that the industry made a real beginning. When India became independent in the year 1947 then more than 10 million spindles and nearly two lakhs looms in the organized textile sector most of the machines were old and outdated . The partition of the country was a series blow to the industry. India returned most of the factories where as 30% of they are under cultivation went to Pakistan. T his adversely affected the supply of raw cotton at a high price trended to raise the price of piece of goods.

    India is a third largest producer of cotton after the us and china. India’s cotton sectors an important because more than 60 million people are engaged in cultivation marketing, processing and trading of cotton. Cotton is growth in Punjab, Gujarat, Andrapradesh, Hariyana, Rajastan Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.The Indian cotton mill federation (ICMF) in against government more to export. The cotton textile industry more rapid progress in second half of the Ninteenthe century and by the end of century there were 178 cotton textile mills.


    COTTON TEXTILE INDUSTRY IN KERALA

    As in the country as a whole , in Kerala too it was the cotton mill industry , which pioneered the industrialized of the state today it is one among the most important medium and large scale industries in the state. A large number of people get direct employment in the mills number of people get direct employment in the mills and on even large number get undirected employment.

    Textile mill of Kerala now operate in a hazardous situation most of privately owned mill are closed down resulting in large scale unemployment. Some of the mill was taken by over by the textile corporation of Kerala Government and National Textile Corporation. There taken over mill made huge losses within about thirty different cotton mills. The workers complained that for a long period, then have been no revision in this wage structures. The workers themselves acknowledged the fact that then in no possibility of establishing new textile mills.
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    Textile industry has rich heritage and tradition of thousands of years.
    Besides some selective enterprises, this industry basically consists of medium, small and micro enterprises scattered all over the country. It is the largest employment generating segment of the economy next to agriculture. The need of the hour is formulation of innovative strategy along with reforms in labor laws to address the emerging issues effectively in order to enable the country to secure a bigger share of global market.

    The outdated technology which is pervading almost all the segments
    of the textile industry has placed it far behind its major competitors in the world of
    textile economy, and is threatening its very existence. The lopsided fiscal policy, high interest cost, excessive controls and regulations, denying the entrepreneur's their basic right to make decision based on techno economic norms, etc., etc.
    All these factors caused sickness and closure of mills on a larger scale.


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