With no official candidates in the election for Pope, the 115 cardinal electors would gather at the Sistine Chapel for the Papal Conclave 2013 which begins on 12th March. The closed-door conclave at the Vatican might continue for three days till new pontiff (Pope) is elected with the winner requiring two-third majority of votes(77 out of 115).
From among the 115 Cardinals who are eligible to vote in the conclave, five cardinals representing India has reached Vatican to attend the conclave and vote for electing the Pope. 66-year-old Mar George Alenchery who is currently the Major Archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly diocese of the Syro-Malabar Church and 53-year-old Rev Dr Moran Mar Baselios Cleemis Catholicos, the head of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church would add more pride to Kerala while the other Indian Cardinals Telesphore Toppo (Archbishop of Patna), Oswald Gracias (Archbishop of Mumbai), and Ivan Dias (Roman Curia) former Archbishop of Mumbai would also be a part of the conclave.
Earlier Mar George Alencherry and Mar Baselios Cleemis had reached Vatican to attend the last speech of former Pope Benedict XVI. It is known that the Cardinals would return to Kerala only after the new Pope assumes charge. The new Pope would take charge before Palm Sunday (24th March) and would lead the Holy Week services.
Papabile 2013: Top contenders to be next Pope
Here is the list of Papabile 2013 - Top contenders to be next Pope.
Papal Election 2013 – Complete process explained
The Papal election 2013 will have a detailed procedure as revised by Pope John Paul II who reigned during 1963 to 1978. The voting to elect the next pope will be held at the Sistine Chapel with secret ballots casted on the first day of the conclave. As per the revised procedure, cardinals under the age of 80 are eligible to cast their vote in the conclave. After the first round of voting, there will be a strong candidate who could gather more votes. But if he fails to gather more votes in the next two rounds which would be held during the morning and afternoon, the cardinals would go for an alternative candidate who could possibly gather more votes than the former. The voting prprocess will continue till a new pope gets elected.
As the vote begins, the paper ballots in rectangular are distributed to the first nine voting cardinals, whose names are chosen at random. On the top half of the ballot, it is printed in Latin “Eligo in Summum Pontificem" ("I elect as the most high pontiff") and the lower half which is left blank is to write the name of the person chosen. After the ballots are filled out secretly, it would be folded twice.
The folded ballot will be placed on a plate. After all the ballots got casted, the first scrutineer mixes them which are later transferred for counting. After reading the names, the votes are counted to see whether one has obtained a two-thirds majority needed for election. If no one gets the majority, the process will be continued immediately after the first vote. As soon as a new pope gets elected, the ballots are burned out along with chemical additives which produce white smoke indicating his selection while the ballots are burned with damp straw or other chemicals which would produce black smoke marking the process to be continued.