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Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer (Ulloor
Ulloor was a great poet and literary figure of his time. One of the most noted works by Ulloor S Parameswara Iyer, Umakeralam, a Mahakavyam, is introduced (in English) by Kerala Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran. He got the title of Mahakavi for this work. Another of his great work is Kerala Sahithya Charitham in 5 volumes, an authoritative Malayalam literary history of Malayalam language and literature. This book was posthumously published by the Kerala University. Other works like 'Karnabhooshanam' and 'Pingala' are to this day remain inimitable. He has written a number of poems and other works which are available for reference in the libraries. It will not be possible to mention all the works in an article like this.
Study and Service
Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer was born on 6 June 1877 at Changanassery in Kerala to Subramonia Iyer who was then a Malayalam teacher in the local school. His ancestral home was at Ulloor, a northern suburb of the city of Trivandrum. His father died when he was studying and was a setback. But his mother‘s prodding made him to pursue studies in Maharaja's College at Trivandrum. He graduated in 1897 with honours in Philosophy. After obtaining the degree he joined the services of the State. Along with the service he pursued his studies and took a degree in law and master’s degrees in Malayalam and Tamil.In service he steadily progressed and held the high office of Land revenue, Income Tax Commissioner and also officiated as Chief Secretary of the State.
Other Notable aspects of Ulloor
He delved deep into the study of ancient literature and palm leaf manuscripts. He brought out some of the earliest Malayalam literary works like the poem 'Rama Charitham' and the earliest Malayalam prose 'Dutavakyam'. He edited many portions of the 'Kannassa Ramayanam'. He dominated the literary field of Kerala for over 50 years, a real colossus. Ulloor passed away on 15 June 1949 at the age of 72.The Indian Posts and Telegraphs Department issued a special postage stamp in his honour.
There were several luminaries in the literary field of Kerala. Three poets among them in Malayalam literature could steal the show in the early part of the 20th century. They are Ullur, Vallathol and Kumaranasan, all three being Mahakavis.