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Republic Day of India marks 2 important moments in the history of India:
1. To commemorate the day when India became a republic, namely 26th January 1950.
2. To commemorate the day when the Constitution of India was officially enforced.
Note: on the same date, that is 26th January, Hindi was declared the official language of the country in 1965.
What is the importance and significance of the Republic Day of India?
Till India gained independence on August 15th, 1947 the country was a colony of the Britain. However, it was only on January 26th 1950 that the people of India truly experienced their freedom from British Rule. It was on this historic day that the Constitution of India was officially enforced, making India a sovereign, secular, and democratic nation.
On January 26th 1950, Dr. Rajendra Prasad took the solemn oath as the first President of independent India at the Durbar Hall in the Government House, Delhi. It was then followed by a Presidential drive along a 5 mile route to the Irwin Stadium, where he hoisted the National Flag followed by a 21 gun salute. Thereby was sown the seeds of the annual tradition of flag hoisting and a parade.
1950 First Repubic Day of India speech by Dr. Rajendra Prasad
"We must re-dedicate ourselves on this day to the peaceful but sure realization of the dream that had inspired the Father of our Nation and the other captains and soldiers of our freedom struggle, the dream of establishing a classless, co-operative, free and happy society in 'his country'. We must remember that this is more a day of dedications than of rejoicing - dedication to the glorious task of making the peasants and workers the toilers and the thinkers fully free, happy and cultured."
Today nobody realizes the inherent significance of India becoming a republic: that we, the citizens of India, have the power to govern ourselves by choosing our very own government.